World AIDS Day
Focus is on Covid-19, What about the lingering Epidemic?
In the past few months, life for billions of people have changed sporadically across the world - Hundreds to thousands are dying each day, killed by an invisible virus, World economy is heading towards recession and governments with empty hand are asking for hecatombs from their citizens in the name of collective wellbeing. But amid all the skirmishes of humanity with the deadly virus, we should not ruin the decade’s effort which were made to contain other Epidemic-HIV AIDS.
India with more than 2.1 million people living with HIV has the third-largest epidemic population being concentrated mostly among the sex workers, MSM (Men who have sex with Men), and transgenders.
Over years HIV epidemic new infection rate has plummeted. Between 2010 and 2017 new infection declined by 27% and the death rate by 56%. Today 80% of the people living with HIV are aware of their status, of whom more than 70% are on Antiretroviral treatment. In India HIV is being transmitted mainly because of Sexual transmission, accounting more than 85% of new infections in 2020.
HIV is transmitted through certain fluids
=> Semen & Pre-seminal Fluid
=> Rectal Fluid
=> Vaginal Fluid
=> Breast Milk
HIV could be transmitted if these fluids come in contact with
=> Mucous membrane (in the mouth, penis, Vagina, rectum)
=> Skin cut (Tissue came in contact)
=> Injection (that has a virus)
The virus doesn’t spread through
=> Contact, such as closed mouth-kissing
=> Pets and Mosquitoes
=> Unprotected anal or vaginal sex
=> Having multiple partners
=> Sharing needles and syringes while using drugs
Although the data is clearly showing that certain initiatives like the National AIDS Control Program by NACO (National AIDS Control Organization), and SANGRAM have acted as an impediment to the spread of HIV. Situations are ameliorating but at a much slower pace as compared to expected, Therefore, there is much more to be done to achieve the target of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.